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燃氣灶研製與發展

  在歷史上,最早研製燃氣灶的是法國人菲利普·魯本,他在1799年9月21日獲得了用煤氣照明和取暖兩用裝置的專利權。第二年,魯本在巴黎的一家飯店裡,自己花錢裝置這種設備。由於當時魯本研製的燃氣灶會發出難聞的臭味,所以在開始的時候並不受人歡迎,沒能得到推廣。儘管如此,他仍以極大的熱情繼續研究和改進這種裝置。1804年,在拿破侖舉行加冕禮的那天,魯本在巴黎的一條街上被人殺害,燃氣灶的研製工作中斷了。
  而世界上第一個供廚房用炒菜的燃氣灶具是由英國北安普敦瓦斯公司的副經理詹姆斯·夏夫在1826年發明的。他將自己發明的燃氣灶裝在自己家的廚房裡,用來烤肉做菜。這是一種立式爐灶,由吊在天花板上用來掛肉的鉤子和下面的圓圈形火口組成。沒有放鍋的爐台。
  最早購買燃氣灶的是法國利明頓的巴士旅店。1834年,巴士旅店用燃氣灶給100人做晚飯,不但飯菜味道可口,而且沒有一點煤氣的臭味,是十分理想的爐灶。1836年夏天,在英國北安普敦開辦了一家35名工人的工廠,專門生產燃氣灶。
  1852年,像現在使用的將煤氣燃燒裝置與爐台合二為一的爐具開始出售。1915年,開始出現有恆溫器控制的燃氣灶。
  1855年,德國化學家本生發明了被稱為「本生燈」的氣體燃燒裝置,這是一種裝氧氣與可燃性氣體混合燃燒而產生高溫的裝置。在「本生燈」出現之後不到一年,英國的霍丁頓·安東·史密斯公司發明了世界上第一具用氣體燃料的家用取暖裝置。後來,燃氣灶的逐漸普及及煤氣的源源供應,便形成了今天的燃氣灶。

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