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爵士舞搜羅在hip;hop文化中嗎

爵士一詞原本是舞蹈音樂,在音樂用語的 “Jazz” 是在一九零零年往後才被使用,在那以前似乎叫做 “Jass”,隨著一八八零年爵士樂的降生,配合而生才有爵士舞一詞;又因爵士啻吹奏上,一貫相當熱鬧,才渙有鬧熱強烈熱鬧榮華,狂躁、活躍之意的詮釋。爵士舞動作的素質是一種自由而純樸的默示,直接把心裏的感應感染用身體的顛、抖、扭表達出來。就像我們聽到喜歡的音樂,能年夜心裏自然的吐露出激情,身體就不由自立的隨著音樂節奏而勾當,如彈響手指、擺首頓足、時而興奮激烈,時而遲緩優柔的溶入音樂之中。

爵士舞是一種急促又富動感的節奏型舞蹈,是屬於一種外放性的舞蹈,不像古典芭蕾舞或現代舞所默示的一種內斂性的舞蹈。爵士舞主若是動作和旋律方面的表演,首要目的是為了娛樂別人也娛樂自己,可帶給自己與別人一段誇姣的年光,這也是為甚麼它的默示一點都不虛飾,舞蹈時所披發出愉悅的空氣和那種歡愉的精神很是具傳染力。雖然說必需具有很是好的技巧才能成為一位成功的爵士舞者,可是幾乎每小我都能把握它的基本舞步,而且爵士舞的表演空間很廣,小我的色彩和怪異的氣概才是舞動時最令人注目的處所。

爵士舞主若是追求興奮、活躍、有生氣的一種舞蹈。它的特徵是可自由安閒的跳,不必像傳統式的古典芭蕾必需局限於一種形式與遵守固有的姿態,但和的士高舞那種完全自我享受的舞蹈又分歧,它在自由之中若有一種現律的存在。例如它會配合爵士音樂默示激情,也借助或仿效其他舞蹈技巧;如在步法和動作上,應用芭蕾舞的動作位置和原則、踢踏舞技巧的活絡性、現代舞軀體的縮短與放鬆、拉丁舞的舞步與擺臀以及東方舞蹈上半身的挪動位置等等。

爵士舞之氣概涵蓋層面極廣,其中包含有

古典爵士 (CLASSICAL JAZZ):傳統的爵士舞,在歌舞劇琅縵沔常見。

爵士芭蕾 (BALLET JAZZ):就是融合芭蕾舞。可是這種爵士,並不是由爵士樂來的,而是因舞蹈潮水而連鮮?仝一路。因爵士舞自己較芭蕾有爆發性,像是pose的定格,跳 躍,踢腿等,是芭蕾所沒有的。

拉丁爵士 (LATIN JAZZ):其拭魅這個門戶是分的很不較著的,可是拉丁爵士,一路頭是跟 國際尺度舞有關,像是森巴什麼的。不管男生女生,跳起來都 有一種熱情奔放,佈滿誘惑的感受。

街舞爵士 (HIP HOP JAZZ):有hiphop律動在裏頭的爵士舞。

新潮爵士 (NEW JAZZ):就是此刻我們一般在跳的爵士,pose點鬥勁多,以前可能是有了舞蹈,再找音樂,可是新潮爵士則是有音樂再配合去編舞,像各式音樂MTV。NEWJAZZ早期是在美國紐約由芭蕾所演化過來,但 是它是經由過程JANETJAKCSON的「IF」MTV中,才逐漸讓人發現芭蕾融合HIP- HOP的街舞魅力。NEW JAZZ的特色可以說是JAZZ加上HIP-HOP的一種舞蹈,可是NEW JAZZ並不歸類於HIP-HOP裏的其一一門。 它的特色是:身體的延展。NEW JAZZ的每個動作都 有固定的角度跟擺的體例,當你在作手的動作時會有無限延長的感受,這種感受就像是有人正在拉你的手一樣。

其他還有acid jazz,是和爵士樂琅縵沔的該曲風有關; street jazz則也是和街舞融合的一例。 早期跳jazz風斗勁盛,此刻跳hiphop的人鬥勁多,所以jazz要求新求變, 最快的路就是像新潮水進修。要說hiphop jazz 和 street jazz 有什麼分歧可能有點難,但總之就是時代的產物!

爵士舞的發源

爵士舞是一種集芭蕾舞、現代舞、African Dance、Show Dance、Theatre Dance、Social Dance 和 East Indian Folk Dance 於一身的「多元表演舞蹈」,是以獨具特色、別樹一格。爵士舞蹈及音樂源於美國,帶有濃密的黑奴文化佈景。直到二十年月 「爵士」直卷各地,人人爭相進修。跳爵士舞需要有扎實的根基貫通,加上心靈身體的全情投入才能把精髓默示出來。

爵士舞蹈長短洲舞蹈的延長,由黑奴帶到美國本土,而在美國逐漸演進形成本土化、公共化的舞蹈。非洲的黑人由於受到長達約三百年的奴隸生意,使得他們被料中在美國及世界各地。在新情形,新糊口中過著暗淡淒涼的奴隸日子,雖在這種疾苦的情形中,仍然未健忘他們的音樂與舞蹈。無論在人生的喜、怒、哀、樂或拜神的會議裏,只要有機緣,他們就會唱起身鄉的歌曲,年夜跳其平易近族舞蹈,於是久而久之乃逐漸釀成喜氣洋洋、都巿型的音樂和舞蹈。又因他們不竭的立異,發現新舞步,逐漸地美國人對這些佈滿韻律節奏感的黑人舞蹈感應樂趣。

爵士舞於二十世紀早期因循爵士樂自然陪同而演進下來,最早的爵士舞蹈是由黑人的社交舞配上爵士音樂來表演的,流行於美國南方的鄉下,出格是紐奧良城的一些業餘舞者,他們會在聚會上或俱樂部的場所表演爵士舞蹈。到了一九一七年,那時的風行舞者順著歌辭書意思來表演,有一位叫班頓歐爾斯崔(W. Benton Overstreet)寫了一首歌叫 “The Jazz Dance”,而這首歌裏的 “Jazz Dance” 就釀成爵士舞蹈的永遠代名詞,爵士舞的名稱就此發生了。

當爵士舞以「舞曲」的形式呈現後,那些黑人、白人的舞蹈家將根基軌範加以改良及轉變,此外又啟發後進者的立異靈感而增添了臀部的擺動,肩部的股栗和身體其他部位的自力動作。

隨著一九二零年紐奧良的黑人們起頭吹奏其爵士音樂以來,就風行良多以混會體體例的搖滾型舞蹈,如查爾斯登舞(Charleston)、西迷舞(Shimmy)、琳蒂舞(Lindy)等均流行一時,後來更由於布吉烏吉(Boogie-Woogie)的降生,在舞蹈的型式上有了一個很年夜的轉變,年夜以往一貫擁抱的舞蹈,改釀成一種舞者與舞伴分隔來對跳的吉特巴(Jitterbug)。

一九三零年月後半期至四零年月,爵士舞演化成有三種類型的默示體例:第一種是具有強烈古典芭蕾味道的現代爵士舞,第二種是受了黑人及拉丁舞蹈影響的爵士舞,而最後一種是摻雜了詼諧音樂及踢踏的同化爵士舞。儘管那時爵士舞是如斯的風靡,可是在一九四零年月後期卻起頭走下坡,因為新的爵士音樂庖代了曩昔年夜的爵士樂團,它的音樂節奏因太複雜,無法配合舞蹈,再加上留聲機的發現,和政府(美國)向舞場徵收的重稅,使得不少曾風光一時的舞蹈俱樂部接踵破產。

雖是老式型態的爵士舞蹈衰退,但正好也代表了一種繼往開來的典禮。基於美國是一個平易近族的年夜熔爐,所以新的爵士舞也具有很是高的融合性;它把老一代的爵士舞步和一九五零、一九六零、一九七零時代風靡一時的新舞步摻雜一路,更承公共傳媒的興起,帶動了爵士舞的昌隆。

今天,我們所看到的爵士舞蹈,它保留了曩昔切分音樂(*見注)的旋律,肢體的拋擲或自力運作的特徵,可是它不只是用爵士音樂來表演,它也可配合風行音樂、藍調音樂、搖滾音樂或是的士高音樂來演繹。現今的爵士舞蹈,具有很年夜的包融性和很強的可塑性,並可以隨時領受最風行的音樂和舞蹈的特徵,也正因如斯,爵士舞極具娛樂性並為公共所接待及接管。

爵士舞的特色

此外,在演唱會或MTV中看見的伴舞,也是爵士的一種——現代爵士舞(Modern Jazz),以一群人合作的表演爵士舞年夜致可分為傳統爵士舞和現代爵士舞 (Modern Jazz)。前者規限和要求較多;後者就限制較少,所以自由度較年夜,舞步轉變多,以配合音樂節奏為主。

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